This new take to incorporated adolescents originating from 20 additional junior highest-colleges on the voivodeship Podlaskie


As a result in order to satisfy the need for a quick way of measuring strength, a gloss types of this new RS-14, that would getting psychometrically confirmed and you may all over diverse populations, it had been important to evaluate the brand new measure’s central tendencies, inner feel and you may grounds structure over the about three picked subgroups in addition to the newest intercourse and you can age of adolescents, young adults, and people that have unique need. “I hypothesized you to for everybody three examples, a-one-factor model will be offered and therefore scores would-be extremely reputable as examined of the old-fashioned interpretive standards” (Aiena ainsi que al., 2015).

Participants and you will Procedure

Analyses have been centered on around three fundamental products, one to composed of teens within the chronilogical age of thirteen–17, the next in it young adults inside the ages 19–twenty seven, plus the third provided anybody when you look at the ages of thirteen-18 with transformative psychosocial difficulties who had been in the child custody out-of instructional, therapeutic or correctional establishments. The complete attempt integrated 2,715 young adults out of three other teams within Poland, aged of thirteen in order to twenty seven (Meters = , SD = step three.90), mainly lady (%).

Sample 1-adolescents (N = 400). The sample was with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 0.86) predominately female (58.3%). Sample 2-early adulthood (N = 1659). Data were also gathered at a medium-sized university located in northeast Poland. Overall, we had results from students aged 19–27 years old (M = , SD = 1.82) predominately female (82.3%). Sample 3-problem group (N = 656). The sample consisted of three groups: socially maladjusted juveniles from probation centers was (N = 116) with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 1.48) predominately male (75.0%), adolescents with psycho-social impairments attending (staying) in Youth Sociotherapy Centers (N = 293, aged 13–18 years old, M =, SD = 1.22) and adolescents externalizing educational difficulties (Youth Educational Centers, N = 247, with age ranging from 13 to 18 years old (M = , SD = 0.98). The selection of the third study sample was purposive due to the specifics of the facilities to which the studied individuals were admitted. The main criterion for including respondents to sample 3 was the occurrence of emotional and behavioral disorders. A comparative analysis using ANOVA did not confirm differences between problem groups (youth from probation centers, educational centers and sociotherapy centers) in terms of the RS-14 index [F(2, 653) = 2.63; p > 0.05].

Sociotherapeutic and you may academic locations is place outside the host to house, and that function 24 hours a day. Within the Poland discover already more than step three,100 childhood aged thirteen–18 who happen to be residing in including Youth Sociotherapy Stores as well as 4,one hundred thousand that happen to be residing in Youngsters Educational Facilities. Youngsters Sociotherapy Locations can handle teenagers exactly who, because of developmental problems, understanding troubles, and problems inside social operating, has reached danger of public maladjustment and need a different business out-of training, ways of work, studies and you may sociotherapy. Already, you can find 74 inside Poland. Youthfulness Informative Locations are designed for socially maladjusted young people who are in need of the usage of another type of business away from discovering, types of work and you will studies. Currently, you’ll find 96 during the Poland. An effective Probation Cardio was 24 hours-proper care business that provides reduction, proper care, training, treatment, and you will healing products. The actions undertaken in the centre try aimed at altering juvenile attitudes towards new socially preferred, making certain the perfect growth of the identification. Probation stores perform under the district process of law. Currently, you will find 97 inside the Poland. Currently, ~step one,one hundred thousand juveniles was regarded eg business.

Data-Analytic Means

Psychometric properties of your RS-14 was indeed examined having fun with univariate and you will bivariate analyses held toward mathematical app IBM SPSS Statistics and you can IBM AMOS. Brand new Cronbach Alpha coefficient was applied to define coherence (aspect away from precision). In the example of date stability analysis, Pearson’s roentgen correlation investigation in addition to t attempt to own founded products were utilized. Dominating component analysis was utilized to confirm the new unmarried factor build away from RS-14 stated by Wagnild and you may Young (1993). Exploratory and you may confirmatory foundation-analytical procedures have been employed to measure the factor framework of measure. The fresh basis accuracy try assessed playing with EFA (chief part method, oblimin rotation) and you can CFA (IBM AMOS, ML approach). Brand new designs from the EFA was in fact examined to have an acceptable fit utilizing the after the fit spiders: chi-rectangular and levels of versatility, RMSEA as well as 90% believe interval (CI); (Steiger, 1990) SRMR, the new Tucker–Lewis List (TLI); (Tucker and Lewis, 1973), CFI; and you may GFI (Hu and you may Bentler, 1999).